Birch (Betula alleghaniensis) veneer is a cream white to pale brown wood, sometimes tinged with pink. Birch is known to have a white sapwood and a light reddish-brown heartwood. However, Baltic Birch (Betula spp.) is much whiter in color. Birch veneer is straight grained and has a fine, uniform texture, due to little color distinction between its annual growth rings. Birch is also known for its wavy or curly pattern seen especially in a flat or rotary cut sheet. Birch veneer is similar to rotary-, flat-cut-, and quartered Maple, but has a rougher and more solid texture.
Most birch veneer comes from birch trees that are native to Northern United States and Canada, usually found in the Northeast and around the Great Lakes.
Birch can be rotary cut as a whole piece or rotary cut with seams, flat cut, quarter sliced, or flat cut figured (ice or flame Birch). This veneer glues, stains, and polishes well, making it an attractive choice for woodworkers. Birch is incredibly versatile, being used in projects that include furniture, cabinetry, architectural panels, musical instruments, interior doors, and antique restoration.
It is also known as American Birch (UK), and White Birch (Canada).
Birch Veneer is available in different backings such as 10 mil, 22.2 mil (Bubble Free Veneer-BFV), and pressure sensitive adhesive (PSA), often referred to as peel and stick veneer. PSA is a self-adhesive veneer which doesn't require the application of glue and is used much the same way as contact paper.
Birch veneer comes in many sizes including 4’x8, 4’x10’, 4’x12’, larger sizes including 5’x8’, 5’x10’, 5’x12’, as well as cross-grains 8’x4’, 10’x4’, and 12’x4’, and 4’x14’.